The International Baccalaureate (IB) is a two-year educational programme primarily aimed at 16-to-19-year-olds. The programme provides an internationally accepted qualification for entry into higher education and is recognized by many universities worldwide.
Administered by the International Baccalaureate (IB), the IBDP is taught in schools in over 140 countries, in one of three languages: English, French, or Spanish. In order to participate, students must attend an IB school. IBDP students complete assessments in six subjects, one from each subject group, and three core requirements. Students are evaluated using both internal and external assessments, and courses finish with an externally assessed series of examinations, usually consisting of two or three timed written tests. Internal assessment varies by subject: there may be oral presentations, practical work, or written work. In most cases, these are initially graded by the classroom teacher, whose grades are then verified or modified, as necessary, by an appointed external moderator.
Students complete assessment tasks at school throughout the DP, which may be marked initially by teachers and then moderated by external moderators or sent directly to external examiners. At the end of the DP, students undertake written examinations that are marked by external IB examiners. For each subject, students are awarded a grade between 1 and 7. Their success in the extended essay and TOK may see them awarded up to three bonus points. Students must gain a minimum of 24 points to pass the DP, with the maximum grade being 45. Unlike the state-based senior secondary certificates, where results are based on each student’s comparative performance against all other students taking the same subjects, the IB measures student performance against pre-specified assessment criteria.
Candidates who successfully complete all the requirements of the IB Diploma Programme and one or more of the following combinations are eligible to receive a bilingual diploma: two Group 1 subjects (of different languages), a Group 3 or 4 subject taken in a language other than the candidate’s Group 1 language, or an Extended Essay in a Group 3 or Group 4 subject written in a language other than the candidate’s Group 1 language. IB certificates are issued to indicate completion of diploma courses and exams for non-diploma candidate students.
Did you know? To offer the IB Diploma Programme, an institution must go through an application process, and during that period the teachers are trained in the IB. At the end of the application process, IB conducts an authorisation visit. Once a school is authorised to offer the programme, an annual fee ensures ongoing support from the IB, legal authorisation to display the IB logo, and access to the Online Curriculum Centre (OCC) and the IB Information System (IBIS). The OCC provides information, resources, and support for IB teachers and coordinators. IBIS is a database employed by IB coordinators. Other IB fees also include student registration and individual diploma subject examination fees.