The International Baccalaureate (IB), formerly known as the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO), is an international educational foundation. It offers four educational programmes: the IB Diploma Programme and the IB Career-related Programme for students aged 15 to 19, the IB Middle Years Programme for students aged 11 to 16, and the IB Primary Years Programme for children aged 3 to 12. IB programmes are currently offered in three languages – English, French and Spanish.
To offer the IB Diploma Programme, an institution must go through an application process, and during that period the teachers are trained in the IB. The IB Diploma Programme was described as “a rigorous, off-the-shelf curriculum recognized by universities around the world” when it was featured in the December 18, 2006, edition of Time titled “How to bring our schools out of the 20th Century”.
The IB uses both external and internal assessment in the DP.
Examinations form the basis of the assessment for most courses. This is because of their high levels of objectivity and reliability.
- structured problems
- short-response questions
- data-response questions
- text-response questions
- case-study questions
- multiple-choice questions – though these are rarely used.
Teacher assessment is also used for most courses. This includes:
- oral work in languages
- fieldwork in geography
- laboratory work in the sciences
- investigations in mathematics
- artistic performances.
Did you know? The IB headquarters were officially established in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1968 for the development and maintenance of the IB Diploma Programme. The IB has a presence in over 150 countries throughout the world.